Volcano Town: The 1937-43 Eruptions at Rabaul
R. W. Johnson and N. A. Threlfall
Title: Volcano Town: The 1937-43 Eruptions at …
Publisher: Robert Brown and Associates, Bathurst, N.S.W.
Publication Date: 1985
A note from the publishers:
The town of Rabaul, Papua New Guinea,is built within an active volcanic caldera andis vulnerable to eruptions from the historically active volcanoes that contribute to the superb scenery of Rabaul Harbour. A Volcano Alert declared in October, 1983, drew the attention of people in Rabaul and in thesurrounding area to the possibility of a volcanic outbreak within weeks to months. This
warning led not only to considerable anxietywithin the community, but to emergencypreparations being made. The premonitory signs of an impending eruption declined after April, 1984 and, as of October, 1985, thetown has returned to normal. But Rabaulremains volcanically vulnerable.This book is a narrative of the latest period of volcanic activity at Rabaul: the May 1937 eruptions at Vulcan and Tavurvur, when more than 500 people were killed, and the relatively minor 1941-43 volcanic activity at Tavurvur which overlapped with the period of Japanese war-time occupation. The authors tell how this volcanic activity
influenced decisions on the future of Rabaul as an administrative capital. More importantly, they illustrate the effects of the 1937-43 eruptions on Rabaul and draw attention to the kind of volcanic activity that could again take place in Rabaul Harbour.